Korean Terminology

INTRODUCTION In each grading test the examiner will test your knowledge of Taekwon-Do including the history and Korean terminology. If you try to learn a few words each grading then your knowledge will build up fast. Scroll down to find your grade and pattern meaning. Try your best to learn as much as you can, […]

INTRODUCTION

  • In each grading test the examiner will test your knowledge of Taekwon-Do including the history and Korean terminology.
  • If you try to learn a few words each grading then your knowledge will build up fast.
  • Scroll down to find your grade and pattern meaning.
  • Try your best to learn as much as you can, and do your best.

 

THE TENETS OF TAEKWON-DO

  • Courtesy – Korean Word –Ye Ui
  • Integrity – Korean Word – Yom Chi
  • Perseverance – Korean Word – In Nae
  • Self – Control – Korean Word – Guk Gi
  • Indomitable Spirit – Korean Word – Beakjul Boolgool

 

THE TAEKWON-DO OATH

  • I shall observe the tenets of Taekwon-Do
  • I shall respect the instructor and seniors
  • I shall never misuse Taekwon-Do
  • I shall be a champion of freedom and justice
  • I shall build a more peaceful world

 

CLASS ETIQUETTE

  • You should bow on entering and leaving the training hall (Do-Jang) to:
  • The National, Federation or Association flag if it is displayed,
  • And you should also bow to the instructor if they are in the Do-Jang,
  • If there is no flag or instructor then there is no need to bow.

 

GENERAL KOREAN TERMINOLOGY & INFORMATION

  • Attention – Charyot
  • Bow – Kyong Ye
  • Ready – Junbi
  • Stance – Sogi
  • Block – Makgi
  • Kick – Chagi
  • Punch – Jirugi
  • Training Suit – Dobok
  • Belt – Ti
  • Training Hall – Dojang
  • Student – Jeja
  • Instructor – Sabum
  • Dismiss – Hae San
  • As we bow we say ‘Taekwon’
  • When we respond to a command in class or turn in row work we shout ‘Ki Ap’ to show spirit.
  • Taekwon-Do comes from Korea.
  • It was founded by General Choi Hong Hi on the 11th April 1955
  • Tae means smashing with the foot, Kwon means smashing with the hand and Do means the art or way. The Do balances out the aggression of Taekwon and gives us the control and discipline to use it in the right way.
  • Numbers in Korean……….Hana-Dool-Set-Net-Tasot-Yosot-Ilgop-Yodol-Ahop-Yol –  1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10

 

BELT MEANINGS

  • 10th Kup White Belt White signifies innocence, as that of the beginning student who has no previous knowledge of Taekwon-Do.
  • 9th Kup Yellow Tag / 8th Kup Yellow Belt Yellow signifies earth, from which a plant sprouts and takes root as Taekwon-Do foundation is being laid.
  • 7th Kup Green Tag / 6th Kup Green Belt Green signifies the plants growth as Taekwon-Do skills begin to develop.
  • 5th Kup Blue Tag / 4th Kup Blue Belt Blue signifies the heaven towards which the plant matures into a towering tree as training in Taekwon-Do progresses.
  • 3rd Kup Red Tag / 2nd Kup Red Belt Red signifies danger, cautioning the student to exercise control, and warning the opponent to stay away.
  • 1st Kup Black Tag / Black Belt Opposite to white, therefore signifying the maturity and proficiency in Taekwon-Do. Also indicates the wearers imperviousness to darkness and fear.

 

WHITE BELT

FOR PROMOTION TO: SINGLE OR DOUBLE YELLOW STRIPE (Pattern Saju Jirugi)

THE STUDENT MUST EARN THE FOLLOWING TAPE TAGS ON HIS OR HER BELT TO SHOW THEIR PROFICIENCY IN THE TECHNIQUES

Yellow Tape: Stances

  • Parallel Ready Stance – Narani Junbi Sogi
  • Walking Stance – Gunan Sogi

 

Green Tape: Hand Moves

You can perform the fundamental hand moves of the pattern, which are the techniques of the pattern, forward and back four times and that you know the Korean terminology for these moves.

  • Forefist Middle Punch – Ap joomuk Jirugi
  • Outer Forearm Low Block – Bakat Palmok Najunde Maki
  • Knifehand Low Block – Sonkal Najunde Maki
  • Inner Forearm Middle Block – An Palmoak Kaunde Maki

 

Blue Tape: Kicks

To achieve your Blue tape you must be able to perform your kick, know what it is used for and explain what part of the foot you use to kick with.

You must also know the Korean terminology.

  • Front Kick – Ap Chagi……….Using Ball of the Foot – Apkumchi

 

Red Tape: Pattern

Double & Single Yellow Stripe. The two sequences at this grade are to help improve balance and co-ordination. They are not patterns so they do not have a meaning. To earn your red tape you need to know the sequence of the movements and the number of moves in each one.

They are:

  • Saju Jirugi – 4 directional punch (15 movements)
  • Saju Makgi – 4 directional block (17 movements)

 

FOR PROMOTION TO: YELLOW BELT (Pattern Chon-JI Tul)

THE STUDENT MUST EARN THE FOLLOWING TAPE TAGS ON HIS OR HER BELT TO SHOW THEIR PROFICIENCY IN THE TECHNIQUES

 

Yellow Tape: Stances

  • Parallel Ready Stance – Narani Junbi Sogi
  • Walking Stance – Gunan Sogi
  • ‘L’ Stance – Niuja Sogi

 

Green Tape: Hand Moves

  • Forefist Punch – Ap Joomuk Jirugi
  • Outer Forearm Low Block – Bakat Palmok Najunde Makgi
  • Inner Forearm Middle Block – An Palmok Kunde Maki

 

Blue Tape: Kicks

  • Side Kick – Yop Chagi……….Using the Foot Sword – Balkal

 

Red Tape: Pattern

  • Chon-Ji – 19 movements
  • Chon-Ji means literally ‘Heaven and Earth’. It is, in the Orient, interpreted as the creation of the world or the beginning of human history, therefore, it is the initial pattern played by the beginner. This pattern consists of two similar parts; one to represent the Heaven and the other the Earth.
  • Chon-Ji is the first of the 24 patterns (TUL) in Taekwon-Do.

 

HISTORY

  • The name Taekwon-Do was introduced on the 11th April 1955 by the founder General Choi Hong Hi (9th Degree Grandmaster)
  • Meaning of white belt (10th KUP) – White belt signifies innocence as that of a beginner student who has no previous knowledge of Taekwon-Do
  • Meaning of Yellow Belt (8th KUP) – Signifies Earth, in which a plant takes root and sprouts as Taekwon-Do foundations are laid.

 

YELLOW BELT

FOR PROMOTION TO: YELLOW BELT WITH SINGLE OR DOUBLE GREEN STRIPE (Pattern Dan-GunTul)

THE STUDENT MUST EARN THE FOLLOWING TAPE TAGS ON HIS OR HER BELT TO SHOW THEIR PROFICIENCY IN THE TECHNIQUES

 

 Yellow Tape: Stances

  • The student must show improvement in all previous stances.

 

Green Tape: Hand Moves

  • Knifehand Guarding Block – Sonkal Daebi Makgi
  • High – Nopunde
  • Twin Forearm Block – Sang Palmok Makgi
  • Rising Block – Chookyo Makgi
  • Knifehand Strike – Sonkal Taerigi

 

Blue Tape: Kicks

  • Turning Kick – Dollyo Chagi……….Using the ball of the foot – Apkumchi
  • Back Kick – Dwit Chagi……….Using the Foot Sword – Balkal

 

Red Tape: Pattern

DAN-GUN

  • Dan-Gun is named after the holy Dan-Gun, the legendary founder of Korea in the year of 2.333 B.C.
  • Number of movements – 21
  • Meaning of Yellow Belt (8th KUP) – Signifies Earth, in which a plant takes root and sprouts as Taekwon-Do foundations are laid.

 

HISTORY

  • The founder members of Taekwon-Do UK are Master J. Archer, Master I. Ridley, Mr J. Miley & Mr D. Condie.

 

Black Tape: Effort & Attitude

A positive attitude towards training in Taekwon-Do should be shown from the student at all times.

This includes:

  • Regular attendance in class
  • Attendance at T-UK events (Competitions & Seminars)
  • Respectful behavior in class towards fellow students
  • Respectful behavior in class towards Instructor
  • Effort to be shown in following the Tenets of Taekwon-Do
  • Bad behavior outside of class will not be tolerated. Students who do not follow the Tenets of Taekwon-Do at home, in School and in their social life will not be permitted to grade

 

FOR PROMOTION TO: GREEN BELT (Pattern Do-San Tul)

THE STUDENT MUST EARN THE FOLLOWING TAPE TAGS ON HIS OR HER BELT TO SHOW THEIR PROFICIENCY IN THE TECHNIQUES 

 

Yellow Tape: Stances

  • Sitting Stance – Annun Sogi

 

Green Tape: Hand Moves

  • High Outer Forearm Block – Bakat Palmok Nopunde Makgi
  • Reverse Forefist Punch – Bandae Ap Joomuk Jirugi
  • Straight Fingertip Thrust – Sun Sonkut Tulgi
  • Back Fist Strike – Dung Joomuk Taerigi
  • Wedging Block – Hechyo Makgi
  • Double – Doo

 

Blue Tape: Kicks

  • Middle Front Snap Kick – Kaunde Apcha Busigi
  • Ap – Front   Cha – Kick  Busigi – Snap
  • Turning Kick – Dollyo Chagi……….Using the ball of the foot – Apkumchi
  • Reverse Turning Kick – Bandae Dollyo Chagi……….Using the back heel – Dwitchook

 

Red Tape: Pattern

DO-SAN

  • Do-San is the pseudonym or the patriot Ahn Chang-Ho (1876-1938). The 24 movements represent his entire life, which he devoted to furthering the education of Korea and its independence movement
  • Number of movements – 24
  • Green Tag (7th Kup)
  • Meaning of Green Belt (6th Kup) – Green Belt signifies the plants growth as the Taekwon-Do skills begin to develop.

 

HISTORY

  • The founder of the Trident Taekwon-Do Academy is Mr James Miley (6th Degree Black Belt) who founded it in 1998.

 

Black Tape: Effort & Attitude

A positive attitude towards training in Taekwon-Do should be shown from the student at all times.

This includes:

  • Regular attendance in class
  • Attendance at T-UK events (Competitions & Seminars)
  • Respectful behavior in class towards fellow students
  • Respectful behavior in class towards Instructor
  • Effort to be shown in following the Tenets of Taekwon-Do
  • Bad behavior outside of class will not be tolerated. Students who do not follow the Tenets of Taekwon-Do at home, in School and in their social life will not be permitted to grade

 

GREEN BELT

FOR PROMOTION TO: BLUE STRIPE BELT  (Pattern Won-Hyo Tul)

THE STUDENT MUST EARN THE FOLLOWING TAPE TAGS ON HIS OR HER BELT TO SHOW THEIR PROFICIENCY IN THE TECHNIQUES 

 

Yellow Tape: Stances

  • Fixed Stance – Gojung Sogi
  • Bending Ready Stance – Guburyo Junbi Sogi

 

Green Tape: Hand Moves

  • High Inward Knifehand Strike – Nopunde Anuro Sonkal Taerigi
  • Obverse Punch – Baro Jirugi
  • Circular Block – Dollimyo Makgi

 

Blue Tape: Kicks

  • Side Piercing Kick – Yopcha Jirugi
  • Yop-side   Cha-kick Jirugi-rotation
  • Double Side Kick – Doo Yop Chagi……….Using the Foot Sword – Balkal
  • Reverse Hooking – Bandae Dollyo Gorochagi……….Using the back heel – Dwitchook

 

Red Tape: Pattern

WON-HYO

  • Won-Hyo was the noted monk who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty in the year of 686 A.D.
  • Number of movements – 28
  • Green Belt (6th KUP)
  • Meaning of Green Belt (6th KUP) – Green Belt signifies the plants growth as the Taekwon-Do skill begins to develop.

 

HISTORY

  • The president of Taekwon-Do UK is Master J. Archer (7th Degree Black Belt).

 

Black Tape: Effort & Attitude

A positive attitude towards training in Taekwon-Do should be shown from the student at all times.

This includes:

  • Regular attendance in class
  • Attendance at T-UK events (Competitions & Seminars)
  • Respectful behavior in class towards fellow students
  • Respectful behavior in class towards Instructor
  • Effort to be shown in following the Tenets of Taekwon-Do
  • Bad behavior outside of class will not be tolerated. Students who do not follow the Tenets of Taekwon-Do at home, in School and in their social life will not be permitted to grade

 

FOR PROMOTION TO: BLUE BELT (Pattern Yul-Gok Tul)

THE STUDENT MUST EARN THE FOLLOWING TAPE TAGS ON HIS OR HER BELT TO SHOW THEIR PROFICIENCY IN THE TECHNIQUES

 

 Yellow Tape: Stances

  • ‘X’ Stance – Kyocha Sogi

 

Green Tape: Hand Moves

  • Hooking Block – Golcho Makgi
  • Connecting Motion – Ierjin Dongjak (Two techniques performed in a flowing motion with only one breath)
  • Elbow Strike – Palkup Taerigi
  • Twin Knifehand Block – Sang Sonkal Makgi
  • Back Fist Strike – Dung Joomuk Taerigi
  • Double Forearm Block – Doo Palmok Makgi

 

Blue Tape: Kicks

  • Double Turning Kick – Doo Dollyo Chagi……….Using the ball of the foot – Apkumchi
  • Hooking Kick – Golcho Chagi……….Using the side instep – Yop Baldung

 

Red Tape: Pattern

YUL-GOK

  • Yul-Gok is the pseudonym of a great philosopher and scholar Yi I (1536-1584) nicknamed the “Confucius of Korea”. The 38 movements of this pattern refer to his birthplace on the 38′ latitude and the diagram represents “scholar”.
  • Number of movements – 38
  • Blue Tag (5th KUP)
  • Meaning of Green Belt (6th KUP) – Green Belt signifies the plants growth as the Taekwon-Do skill begins to develop.
  • Meaning of Blue Belt (4th KUP) – Blue belt signifies the heaven towards which the plant matures into a towering tree as training in Taekwon-Do progresses.

 

HISTORY

  • The ITF was formed on the 22nd March 1966 with associations in Vietnam, Malaysia, Singapore, West Germany, USA, Turkey, Italy, Arab Republic of Egypt and Korea.

 

Black Tape: Effort & Attitude

A positive attitude towards training in Taekwon-Do should be shown from the student at all times.

This includes:

  • Regular attendance in class
  • Attendance at T-UK events (Competitions & Seminars)
  • Respectful behavior in class towards fellow students
  • Respectful behavior in class towards Instructor
  • Effort to be shown in following the Tenets of Taekwon-Do
  • Bad behavior outside of class will not be tolerated. Students who do not follow the Tenets of Taekwon-Do at home, in School and in their social life will not be permitted to grade 

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